Egypt has held a unique position in world affairs during the past 30 years. Throughout several Arab-Israeli wars, the Camp David accords, the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty of 1979, and most recently supporting the Allied coalition during the Gulf War, Egypt has been the focus of U.S. efforts towards moderate Arab states in the Middle East. It has been the bedrock upon which U.S. influence of the Arab states in the region has been based, and vital to stability within this critical region. A new crisis looms for President Hosni Mubarak: the threat of radical Islamists who threaten the legitimacy of his regime. This challenge can have potentially devastating effects on the Middle East as a whole, and certainly on U.S. objectives in this area. The United States cannot allow a potentially hostile radical fundamentalist regime to assume power in Egypt. In this short essay, the author will review U.S. interests in the region, briefly discuss the current conditions in Egypt that are precipitating this crisis, and look at the precepts of the Islamic fundamentalists. He will then propose some policy recommendations that may diffuse the current crisis, strengthen the Mubarak regime, and support U.S. objectives in the region. The U.S. interests in the region are as follows: Maintaining the Free Flow of Oil at Reasonable Rates, Ensuring Survival of the State of Israel, Maintaining Regional Security, and an Equitable Settlement of the Arab-Israeli Crisis.